Collaborative project delivery methods such as design-build, integrated project delivery (IPD) and public-private partnerships (PPP) are gaining ground on traditional approaches. Project delivery is becoming increasingly collaborative, leading to a need for new ways of working together. Design and construction firms are pursuing alternative teaming arrangements such as joint-venture partnerships, end-users are testing ‘big room' approaches that require co-location and shared server requirements and globally distributed teams are looking for ways to communicate more efficiently.
As the industry gravitates towards collaboration, the contracts that bind project teams together are evolving. The technology that supports these teams must evolve, too.
A design-build project is comprised of two or more teams working together by enabling one team to focus on design and the other on the building process. In contrast to a traditional design-bid-build project in which the design and building team bid on a project separately, a design-build project requires that both the design and building teams bid on a project together.
Design-bid-build vs. design-build: The difference between design-build and design-bid-build is that the former is a combined design and construction team with one point of contact for the owner and the latter entails the owner finding separate entities for design and construction, respectively.
Contractor-led design-build: Traditionally, design-build projects are based on a contract between an owner and contractor, where the contractor hires an architecture firm to complete the design. This kind of design-build team is contractor-led, rather an architect-led.
Architect-led design-build: An architect-led design-build approach is defined by contract between the owner and the architect, in which the architect is contracted to complete both the design and construction of a project.
Integrated Project Delivery, or IPD, is a project delivery method distinguished by early collaboration between cross-functional teams through all phases of design, fabrication and construction. By entering this type of contractual agreement, teams are able to collaboratively harnesses the talents and insights of all participants to optimise project results, increase value to the owner, reduce waste and maximise efficiency through all phases of design, fabrication and construction. The entire process, from concept to construction, is defined by early substantive engagement by all key stakeholders.
Benefits of IPD
An IPD project improves project outcomes by changing the way decisions are made, goals are accomplished and responsibilities are shared. The hallmarks of an IPD project are shared objectives, consensus decision making and the use of BIM (US site) or building information modelling.
A joint-venture partnership, or JV, is a project partnership that creates a new legal entity made up of two or more separate firms. Many times, two companies will form a JV partnership when pursuing a contract in order to benefit from shared skills and resources, allowing them to collectively win larger or more complex projects than they would have been able to win alone.
Benefits of JV
Joint-venture agreements enable small and medium firms, or firms with complementary expertise, to combine their efforts to bid on a project as a single, unified entity. Joint-venture project delivery style not only requires a high-level of collaboration between these two teaming partners, but often also across multiple disciplines who may be located in multiple cities, counties or countries.
A public-private partnership project, or PPP, P3 or PF2, is a project delivery method that includes at least one public sector authority and one or more private sector parties. This type of contract enables the public sector to effectively utilise a private sector skillset and minimise their risk simultaneously. A typical PPP project will include an integrated project team responsible for delivering across the full project lifecycle, from design through construction and ongoing operations.
Benefits of PPP
A PPP is defined by the shared goal of the public and private sectors to deliver a service to the public, together. The cardinal benefit of a public-private partnership is shared risk and responsibility. This type of partnership engenders increased flexibility for the public sector and is therefore often utilised for large-scale infrastructure projects, like roads, hospitals, convention centres, schools and civic buildings.
Teaming agreements enable firms with different expertise to create a combined team to become more attractive to owners. These teams, which should be differentiated from joint-ventures, are not legal entities, but clearly define manager and member roles, compensation expectations and contingency plans prior to any project work. Though the team arrangement has become progressively common, a suitable contract had not been available until very recently.
Benefits of teaming agreements
Teaming agreements provide a clear definition of roles from the outset of a project while enabling teams of experts to work together collaboratively toward a common goal. Learn more about the benefits of teaming agreements and how they are changing the way small and medium firms are coming together to win large projects.
Technology is radically changing the way products, buildings and infrastructure are delivered. Designers, engineers, contractors, owners and supply chains are in need of data management solutions to facilitate project collaboration. There has already been a major shift in how design and construction firms operate as they use cloud technologies.
BIM 360 Design
BIM 360 Design lets you connect and control your design project in a common data platform. View, share and review with all stakeholders.
BIM 360 Docs (US site)
Designed for construction project teams, BIM 360 Docs lets you publish, manage, review and approve all project docs, plans and models in the cloud.